Prince Harry, whose mother, Princess Diana, died violently and suddenly when he was 12 years old, has shared intimately about theimpacts of his trauma in the last several years and how therapy helped him address his suffering. In his new Apple TV+ docuseries on mental health with Oprah Winfrey airing Friday, Harry especially compelling: EMDR.
Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) was developed by psychologist Francine Shapiro in the 1980s to help people alleviate distress around painful memories. Clinicians have used the therapy for decades but have become an increasingly popular and sought-after treatment to deal with traumatic or adverse life experiences.
During the session, as the clinician encourages him to follow the memory, the sensations, and the, Harry is seen tapping alternately on each shoulder. The clinician continues to ask questions about the texture of the memory and eventually asks what he would rather feel instead. As the treatment progresses, Harry says he moves to a place of “calmness” and “strength.”
“It’s almost a wave that can’t be stopped because people are hearing their friends talk about it; they’re seeing the changes in their family members,” said Wendy Byrd, a professional counselor, and board of directors president at the EMDR International Association. “When I was trained in 2008, I would have to go in andmy clients why I thought it was such a good therapy. … Now, almost everyone that comes into my door is asking me for EMDR.”
Harry said addressing his trauma was essential for his well-being and the health of his relationship with his wife, the Duchess of Sussex, said he experimented with EMDR after years of traditional behavioral therapy.
“One of the biggestin life is you’ve sometimes got to go back and deal with really uncomfortable situations and be able to process it to heal,” he said. spoke with Byrd on how EMDR works and who it helps.
What is EMDR?
EMDR engages the adaptive information processing system tospace, so your brain can reprocess them.
“EMDR allows the brain to heal from experiences that were traumatic or adverse or overwhelming by allowing the brain to process that information and to store it in a way where the brain now knows, ‘I’m in a different circumstance, that’s not happening to me anymore,'” Byrd said.
Our brains and bodies have a built-in mechanism for processing information. But sometimes, especially when we experience trauma, that mechanism becomes overwhelming.
When new information feels similar to that adverse experience, the brain stores it in the same place as the original trauma, Byrd said. This can make things in your everyday life that are not threatening feel dangerous.
“It’s the bluedown the road, or the dog barking, or your spouse’s face in that one contorted way, and suddenly, you’re upset, triggered, and overwhelmed,” she said.
How does a clinician conduct EMDR?
Byrd said in an EMDR session, a clinician will ask questions to bring up the memory components, including sensory information – such as sight, sound, and smell. A clinician will ask how your body felt during the experience, how you felt during the experience – the emotional information that connects to that memory.
Studies show that eye movements facilitate information processing and calm down a person’s physiology. Eventually, the clinician will add in eye movements or tapping. This is called bilateral stimulation.
“It will make something that feels upsetting less upsetting. It helps the brain make images that are very vivid less vivid. And part of that is because of what we call dual attention, meaning I’m present in the room with the therapist or over Zoom nowadays, and I’m thinking about that experience. It’s all the ingredients that the brain needs to engage that adaptive information processing mechanism.”
Part of the reprocessing occurs by the clinician introducing positive things into the recall. A therapist will ask, “What do you want to think now about that experience?”
“It brings in the current information. Maybe the positive is that it’s over, or maybe it’s that you learned from it or that now you know you’re worthy,” she said.
What is the most effective stimulus during EMDR?
In the docuseries, Harry uses tapping as his stimulus. Byrd said while eye movements are the most researched, other incentives are proven effective.
“It becomes the client’s preference,” she said. “Some people can’t tolerate eye movements for different reasons, or they may have something going on where we choose a different stimulation.”